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MAO OLALU BVU V 

CLASS - V 




Authors: Korii khrumei 

1. (Late) N. Ashuli, M.A., B.T. 

2. K. Lohrii, A.I. (Retd) 


Edition: 

1 st Edition 1994 - Reprint 1995 - Reprint 2002 - Reprint 2004 - Reprint 2006 
Revised Edition 2009 - Revised Edition 2011 - 2014 

Published by: 

MAO ACADEMY TADUBI f MANIPUR 

TADUBI - 795 104 
MANIPUR STATE (INDIA) 










-U fo ( 

Co - 3^ 



Mao Olalu Bvu V Classes-V 

BVP02474 


I 






MAO LA BVU V 


CLASS - V 



Authors: Korii khrumei 


1. (Late) N. Ashuli, M.A., B.T. 

2. K. Lohrii, A.I. (Retd) 


Edition : 

1 st Edition 1994 - Reprint 1995 - Reprint 2002 - Reprint 2004 - Reprint 2006 
Revised Edition 2009 - Revised Edition 2011-2014 


Published by : 

MAO ACADEMY 

Tadubi - 795 104 
Manipur State (INDIA) 



Published by: 


MAO ACADEMY 

Tadubi - 795 104 
Manipur State (INDIA) 


Printed at: 

S.F.S. Technical School 
Mantripukhri - Imphal, Manipur 


Mosiithokari 

(Introduction) 


Mao la bvii hi mozhu shuwo kobu kalie. Oleasa ye olekajii sii ichowo Mao 
la hi Class I - X kotu hi Board of Secondary Education, Manipur hino recognised 
solowo matric batch 2008 kari na siie-eh ruwotie. Ye amodona khrumei no sumazhu 
ye phro mazhu shu pratie. 

Larii kosiimei pajii no Mao la hi olenoshuwo rii hithoe. Pfokhrumei no korii 
sii zhiishue ye athoshue. Class I - V lariibvii lei hi ikhrumei na khrumei yi peno Mao 
la hi kohibviio phropra lole ye peno riilole tto moshushu no riitho hithoe. Lariibvu 
lei kobu kophro (chapter) thopfii stieh ikhrumei na khrumei yi peno opfo ope ko, 
opfii opfo okhu ola, Oramei yi kotho ye leshli kolo ko no ru hithoe. 

Class VI - X lariibvu lei hi idcmei ko (history) Maomei kohrii, ojiiphemei 
no itsii amokhro, koki chiiku, mokuwo kobu orache, ojii, chiikhu pfole, okhe ruho, 
chiikhri chiirii, otho odzii, ohrii mamei thopfii nelowo leshii ye asawo chiikulo koru 
duno amodo lariibvu lei siieh riithoe. (Environmental concerns). 

Mao Academy no kralo ye asa chii sii Class I - V lariibvii rii kapimei siisii 
Mr. (late) N. Ashuli, Mr. K. Lohrii, A.I. (Retd), Mrs. (late) R. Onia, pfotamei yi hi 
mochowe. Mao Frontal Organizations, School lei Principal, Headmaster, 
Headmistress, Mao la modo kapi khrumei thopfii hesiieh pewo buvve. 

Oramei yi sii peno (late) Neli Ashuli M.A., B.T. (Punanamei Village), (late) 
Kapani Ashuli, (Shajouba Village), (late) R. Onia, B.A., B.T. (Shajouba Village) ye 
Kaisii Lohrii, A. I. (Retd) (Punanamei Village) khrumei thopfii chiimei ye onamei yi 
sii shiihra pihio. 


Sd/- 

General Secretary 
Mao Academy, Tadubi 


Sd/- 

Chairman 

Mao Academy, Tadubi 


Riihi Kowo 
(Contents) 


Kophro 

1 

Oramei yi kotho 

Kophro 

2 

Okhro va khru karimei 

Kophro 

3 

Opfu Teresa 

Kophro 

4 

Mahatma Gandhi 

Kophro 

5 

Kala lo kazhii koso 

Kophro 

6 

Kotstimei chii 

Kophro 

7 

Phinghi 

Kophro 

8 

Ikhi Choro ye oro 

Kophro 

9 

Choho kosumei kali ko 

Kophro 

10 

Christmas 

Kophro 

11 

Zhongho lei onamei 

Kophro 

12 

Kodo pei kobu mei hru 

Kophro 

13 

Science no okhru kapra vo koso 

Kophro 

14 

Mopro pfo Khazhuwo no okhe ingho kozii 

Kophro 

15 

Ojiiphe ko 

Kophro 

16 

Mahrapfo Hriishu no okhe kozii 

Kophro 

17 

Mopfu lei oni amani 

Kophro 

18 

Nuso zhii oni amani 

Kophro 

19 

Chokhoni no Kojumei chii kovu 

Kophro 

20 

Orachiipemei lo sii anozhii shue 

Kophro 

21 

Manipur 

Kophro 

22 

Ojiiphe oru kaheina (World War 11) 


Introduction (Mosiithokari larii) 
KOPHRO 1 
INTRODUCTION 


Mao la ochabi / Mao la alphabeth 


Ocha kajii: (Capital letter-majuscule) 

ABCDEFGHI J 
KLMNOPQRST 
U 0 V W X Y Z 


Ocha kati: (Small Letter-minuscule) 

abcdefghlj 
k 1 • m n o p q r s t 

u ii v w x y z 

Bashi cha kajii: (Capital Manuscript) 

ABCDEFGH I J 
KLMNOPQRST 
U U V W X Y Z 


Bashi cha kati: (Small Manuscript) 

abcdefghlj 
kl mnopqr s t 

u u v w x y z 


Khusacha: (Consonant) 

B C D F G H J K 



L 


M 



Khulicha: (Vowel) 

A E I O U U 

Adakhucha: (Semi-vowel) 

W Y 


Ola cha khu: 

Ba be 

bi 

bo 

bu 

bu 


Da 

de 

di 

do 

du 

du 


Fa 

fe 

fi 

fo 

fu 

fli 


Ga 

ge 

& 

go 

gu 

gu 


Ha 

he 

hi 

ho 

hu 

hu 


Ja 

je 

j» 

jo 

ju 

ju 


Ka 

ke 

% 

ki 

ko 

ku 

ku 


La 

le 

li 

lo 

lu 

lu 


Ma 

me 

mi 

mo 

mu 

mu 


Na 

ne 

ni 

no 

nu 

nii 


Pa 

pe 

P» 

po 

pu 

pa 


Ra 

re 

ri 

ro 

ru 

ru 


Sa 

se 

si 

so 

su 

su 


Ta 

te 

ti 

to 

tu 

tu 


Va 

ve 

vi 

VO 

vu 

vu 


Wa 

we 

wi 

wo 

wu 

wu 


Ya 

ye 

yi 

yo 

yu 

yu 


Za 

ze 

zi 

zo 

zu 

zu 


Ola cha ako kata: 

Bv; bva bve 

bvi 

bvo 

bvu 

bvu 

Ch: 

cha 

che 

chi 

cho 

chu 

chu 

Dz: 

dzu 

dze 

dzi 

dzo 

dzu 

dzu 

Hr: 

hra 

hre 

hri 

hro 

hru 

hru 



Kh: 

kha 

khe 

khi 

Khr: 

khra 

khre 

khri 

Kr: 

kra 

kre 

kri 

Ng: 

nga 

nge 

ngi 

Ngh: 

ngha 

nghe 

nghi 

Pf: 

pfa 

pfe 

pfi 

Ph: 

pha 

phe 

phi 

Phr: 

phra 

phre 

phri 

Pr: 

pra 

pre 

pri 

Sh 

sha 

she 

shi 

Ts: 

tsa 

tse 

tsi 

Zh: 

zha 

zhe 

zhi 

Opha 

chiilu (time) 



Stilu 

Nghiphei 
Nghuda 
Chiithu 
Chlihra maju 

Chuhra / Chunghi angi kro 

Chukrodzii 

Chuzii 

Chukhrii tsiitsii 
Chuthusu 
Chuthu miki 


kho 

khu 

khii 

khro 

khru 

khru 

kro 

kru 

kru 

ngo 

ngu 

ngii 

ngho 

nghu 

nghu 

pfo 

pfu 

pfu 

pho 

phu 

phu 

phro 

phru 

phrii 

pro 

pru 

pru 

sho 

shu 

shii 

tso 

tsu 

tsu 

zho 

zhu 

zhu 


- second 

- minute 

- hour 

- sunrise to 9.00 a.m. 

- 9.00 a.m. to noon 

- noon to 3.00 p.m. 

- 3.00 p.m. to sunset 

- sunset to 9.00 p.m. 

- 9.00 p.m. to midnight 

- midnight to 3.00 p.m. 

- 3.00 a.m. to sunrise 


Chaka chiihro/ Chiisi chiilu (Seasons) 


Chaka 

spring 

Chuhro 

summer 

Chuto 

autumn 

Chusi 

winter 


March, April, May 
June, July, August 
September, October, November 
December, January, February 



Class I - VII Text Book Spelling 


1. 

Anocho 

- 

question 

2. 

Atamei, Akhrumei 

- 

we all 

3. 

Athiho, Adziiri 

- 

brother (y) (e) 

4. 

Apfii, Apfo 

- 

mother, father 

5. 

Avukali 

- 

once 

6. 

Ahei, pfonghi 

- 

we both, both 

7. 

Ai, aino, ayi 

- 

I, myself, self 

8. 

Aramei 

- 

my God 

9. 

Achatie 

- 

broken 

10. 

Akhrukri 

- 

strength, prestige 

11. 

Aveitala, tavei 

- 

tiffin 

12. 

Akuo tale 

- 

we will go 

13. 

Asochlithu 

- 

holiday 

14. 

Achiithi 

- 

leading 

15. 

Amimucho 

- 

gathering 

16. 

Ashiitocho 

- 

secret talk 

17. 

Ashujucho 

- 

meeting 

18. 

Asiimanecho 

- 

protest, roit 

19. 

Alemanecho 

- 

rally 

20. 

Alefiicho 

- 

boycott 

21. 

Aremanecho 

- 

protest 

22. 

Asarali 

- 

feast, festival 

23. 

Bokho, buto 

- 

jaw, check 

24. 

Bokha 

- 

fence 

25. 

Bamito, phimito 

- 

fingers 

26. 

Chuthu, chukro 

- 

morning, evening 

27. 

Chukhru, Chiihra 

- 

night, noon 

28. 

Chiithusu, chuzUva 

- 

dawn, bright 

29. 

Chukhru tsiitsti 

- 

midnight 

30. 

Chuhramajii 

- 

midday 

31. 

Chuphi, chubu 

- 

surrounding 


32. 

Chiipra, chiishu 

- 

infomt, behind 

33. 

Chiika, chiihro 

- 

spring, summer 

34. 

Chiisi, chtito 

- 

winter, autumn 

35. 

Chokru chonii 

- 

joking, fooling 

36. 

Chiilu chiilei 

- 

work very hard 

37. 

Chiinghu, chudzti 

- 

inside, outside house 

38. 

Chiikhei sotsli 

- 

waist, backbone 

39. 

Choku, Chakrii 

- 

nine 

40. 

Chohochti kono 

- 

if something 

41. 

Choholeikono 

- 

by chance 

42. 

Chongho kali 

- 

something 

43. 

Chiilu kosubvii 

- 

watch 

44. 

Chiivakachi 

- 

window 

45. 

Othokashe 

- 

pounding paddy 

46. 

Onakashe 

- 

washing cloth 

47. 

Ongha 

- 

interest, tithe 

48. 

Ongazhtie, ongashiie 

- 

beautiful, ugly 

49. 

Ongho, onghi 

- 

nose, eyes 

50. 

Opra, ozho 

- 

face, beauty 

51. 

Oso dathale 

- 

killing animal 

52. 

Oso lole 

- 

will buy meat 

53. 

Oso khale 

- 

will have a share 

54. 

Osli otsu 

- 

rubbish 

55. 

Ozhe 

(zhechu, tomatazhe, 
otozhe, zhekrii) 


wine 

56. 

Ovu kabe 

(mati kososhii tho komo) 

- 

cabbage boil 

57. 

Moru (otu, osi, ovo, kosa) 

- 

domestic animal 

.58. 

Ojiiphe, ojiiphemei 

- 

universe, mankind 

59. 

Ochumei, ochow 

- 

wife, husband 

60. 

Odo mokothu shile 

- 

plouging wet field 



61. 

Olo kozhomei, losomei 

- 

choir 

62. 

Odziikhe, dzubvti 

- 

pond, well 

63. 

(Odzu) kachu, kosho 

- 

drinking 

64. 

Ocha shole, ozhe shole 

- 

sipping 

65. 

Okrii otto, opfii ona 

- 

mother child 

66. 

Omei khrumei 

- 

people 

67. 

Osti otsukru 

- 

sticks & stones 

68. 

Okhe ruhokhru 

- 

animals & birds 

69. 

Oni kanimei 

- 

rich people 

70. 

Ozhu sakocho 

- 

giving a name 

71. 

One 

(kahrtina thopfliva kobu one) 

breast 

72. 

Idu, izho 

- 

yesterday, today 

73. 

Itamei, ikhrumei 

- 

we shall, we will 

74. 

Kongho, madei 

- 

red, green 

75. 

Katei, monghofufu 

- 

black, purple 

76. 

Kati, kajii, chodo 

- 

small, big, medium 

77. 

Kazhii, kashii 

- 

good, bad 

78. 

Kochu, kopro 

- 

little, more 

79. 

Kotsu nolu 

- 

big & small 

80. 

Korii kopfumei 

- 

driver, horse rider 

81. 

Kokhrubvii 

- 

drum 

82. 

Kolei, kopei 

- 

to look, which side 

83. 

Kamakhruti 

- 

those mistakes 

84. 

Kokocho 

- 

call, calling 

85. 

Kadecho 

- 

meeting 

86. 

Kakriicho 

- 

talking 

87. 

Kophrocho 

- 

discussing 

88. 

Kososhii 

- 

chilli 

89. 

Kohu, katei 

- 

spade, pickaxe 

90. 

Kalala modo se 

- 

one’s own wish 

91. 

Kari kono 

- 

different timing 

92. 

Kanghi (bokowo oso) 


cooked meat 

O 



93. 

Loleisukhi 

in that place 

94. 

Lolei, siilei 

that side, that place 

95. 

Lokhabvu, lokha 

bag, sack 

96. 

Likho, oro 

water pot, basket 

97. 

Neto, pfoto 

girls, boys 

98. 

Nopfii, Nolu 

women folk 

99. 

Nine 

(ona mono kowo opfumei, 
otto motto kowo, kheni, okru) 

Breast 

100. 

Nobi, nosii 

ear, temple 

101. 

Nghidzii, nghongha 

tears, mucus 

102. 

Nilano tolo, niala tolo 

you can eat 

103. 

Rashiimami 

ripen fruits 

104. 

Rusomei 

soldiers 

105. 

Rukhemei 

guards 

106. 

Kokhamei 

police 

107 

Ochuimei / mitomei 

sisters, elder / younger. 

108. 

Taetie, vuetie, soetie 

going, coming, doing 

109. 

Tukhunamei 

cowherd 

110. 

Tubo, vobo, sibo 

cow, pig, dog dung 

111. 

Toltiroshii, folateshu 

pomegranate 

112. 

Toprii 

garden 

113. 

Thopfli 

whole thing 

114. 

Hriizhumei 

shopkeeper 

115. 

Shiidu, shiideni 

tomorrow, day after tomorrow 

116. 

Shiibvii, sohru 

basket for keeping 

117. 

Shuhamei, kakramei 

European 

118. 

Shupeisho 

don’t talk 

119. 

Shukhrli koto 

taking bride 

120. 

Shuvoru korti 

Barak river 

121. 

PfUpfomei 

parents 

122. 

Pfono 

pfotomei / he 


123. 

Pfiino 

- 

netomei / she 

124. 

Chiihe 

- 

house, home, house 

125. 

Hriisomei 

- 

businessman 

126. 

Hrusochu 

- 

shop 

127. 

Hriisobu 

- 

bazaar 

128. 

Hriisofu 

- 

market 

129. 

Hriizhumei 

- 

shopkeeper 

130. 

Oku 

- 

leader 

131. 

Chiithekapi 

- 

chairman, leader, to lead 

132. 

Shakapi 

- 

announcer 

133. 

Obu, Ofu 

- 

place, venue 

134. 

Sokotho 

- 

opening 

135. 

Amara 

- 

closing 

136. 

Kophrokolo 

- 

resolution 

137. 

Opo ’ 

- 

number 

138. 

Chiilu 

- 

time 

139. 

Choso 

- 

programme 

140. 

Khrokha 

- 

date 

141. 

Zhongo 

- 

week 

142. 

Pekhekhejii 

- 

lion 

143. 

Okhe 

- 

tiger 

144. 

Okheto 

- 

tiger’s cub 

145. 

Peishe 

- 

money 

146. 

Kasha 

- 

rupee 

147. 

Mono 

- 

change 

148. 

Omei 

- 

neto pfoto 

149. 

Okhe oso 

- 

kheni khelo 

150. 

Ruho 

- 

birds/rikru ridzii 

151. 

Otu 

- 

phodu, tukrii, tulo 

152. 

Osi 

- 

silo, sikrii, sini 

153. 

Ovo 

- 

volo, vokrii, voni 

154. 

Oho 

- 

hodzii, hokru,. hove 

155. 

Chiile 

- 

odzu chiile, ozhe chiile 



156. 

Shole 

" 

Ocha shole, ozhe shole 
(Kotho kola chiitoto ti komo) 

157. 

Hrale 

- 

Osa mani lathova hrale 

158. 

Hrile 

- 

kososhii, rashiitho hrile 

159. 

Dziile 

- 

kobi dziipfiile, kovo dziile, kovo vale 

160. 

Zhale 

- 

opropa zhale, opa hrale 

161. 

Kososhii kajii 

- 

kolamei koshiishii 

162. 

Koso kososhii 

- 

kosamei koshiishii 

163. 

Kososhii kodzii, koso 

- 

Imemei koshiishii 

164. 

Kososhii kati, kajii 

- 

inghiilei koshiishu 

165. 

Chongha, otu 

- 

buffalo 

166. 

Changha 

- 

1 metre (measurement from finger tip 
the shoulder) 

167. 

Khenato 

- 

insect 

168. 

Shtikriikrii 

- 

dragon 

169. 

Bishukopu 

- 

science 

170. 

Bishukopumei/Mahritsiisii 

- 

scientist, researcher 

171. 

Itsiikopu 

- 

philosophy 

172. 

Itsiikopumei 

- 

philosopher 

173. 

Chiisii 

- 

knowledge 

174. 

Chiisiiso 

- 

wisdom 

175. 

Inu 

- 

village 

176. 

Inukajii 

- 

big village 

177. 

Inubviiko 

- 

town 

178. 

Inubviijii 

- 

city 

179. 

Totsiifii 

- 

capital 

180. 

Inuchiijii/nuso 

- 

country, nation 

181. 

Okoli korii 

- 

essay writing 

182. 

Mapechii korii 

- 

letter writing 

183. 

Motsiipfo kaphra korii 

- 

precis writing 

184. 

Kotsumei lathe korii 

- 

adage writing 

185. 

Siiamakrii koru 

- 

comprehension 



1 

Kali 

28 

Makeio chachao 

2 

Kahei 

29 

Makeio chokuo/chakriio 

3 

Kosii 

30 

Shiiro 

4 

Padei 

31 

Shtiro kalio 

5 

Pongo 

32 

Shiiro kaheio 

6 

Choro 

33 

Shiiro kosiio 

7 

Chani 

34 

Shiiro padeio 

8 

Chacha 

35 

Shiiro pongo 

9 

Choku /Chakrii 

36 

Shiiro choro 

10 

Chiiro 

37 

Shiiro chanio 

11 

Chiiro kalio 

‘ 38 

Shiiro chacho 

12 

Chiiro kaheio 
» 

39 

Shiiro chokuo/chakriio 

13 

Chiiro kosiio 

40 

Ridei 

14 

Chiiro padeio 

41 

Rideio kalio 

15 

Chiiro pongo 

42 

Rideio kaheio 

16 

Chiiro choro 

43 

Rideio kosiio 

17 

Chiiro chanio 

44 

Rideio padeio 

18 

Chiiro chachao 

45 

Rideio pongo 

19 

Chiiro chokuo/chakriio 

46 

Rideio choro 

20 

Makei 

47 

Rideio chanio 

21 

Makeio kalio 

48 

Rideio chachao 

22 

Makeio kaheio 

49 

Rideio chokuo/chakriio 

23 

Makeio kosiio 

50 

Ripongo 

24 

Makeio padeio 

51 

Ripongo kalio 

25 

Makeio pongo 

52 

Ripongo kaheio 

26 

Makeio choro 

53 

Ripongo kosiio 

27 

Makeio chanio 

54 

Ripongo padeio 



55 

Ripongo pongo 

82 

Richao kaheio 

56 

Ripongo choro 

83 

Richao kosiio 

57 

Ripongo chanio 

84 

Richao padeio 

58 

Ripongo chachao 

85 

Richao pongo 

59 

Ripongo chakuo/chakriio 

86 

Richao choro 

60 

Richoro 

87 

Richao chanio 

61 

Richoro kalio 

88 

Richao chachao 

62 

Richoro kaheio 

89 

Richao chokuo/chakriio 

63 

Richoro kosiio 

90 

Riku/Richakrii 

64 

Richoro padeio 

91 

Rikuo/richakrii kalio 

65 

Richoro pongo 

92 

Rikuo/richakrii kaheio 

66 

Richoro choro 

• 

93 

Rikuo/ richakrii kosiio 

67 

Richoro chanio 

94 

Rikuo/ richakrii padeio 

68 

Richoro chachao 

95 

Rikuo/ richakrii pongo 

69 

Richoro chokuo 

96 

Rikuo/ richakrii choro 

70 

Rini 

97 

Rikuo/ richakrii chanio 

71 

Rinio kalio 

98 

Rikuo/ richakrii chachao 

72 

Rinio kaheio 

99 

Rikuo/ richakrii chokuo/chakriio 

73 

Rinio kosiio 

100 

Kri 

74 

Rinio padeio 

1000 

Thu 

75 

Rinio pongo 

10000 Zii 

76 

Rinio choro 

100000 Nga 

77 

Rinio chanio 

1000000 Ne 

78 

Rinio chachao 

10000000 Rei 

79 

Rinio chokuo/chakrtio 

100000000 Tsii 

80 

Richa 

1000000000 Ka 

81 

Richao kalio 






KOPHRO 1 
ORAMEI YI KOTHO 


Iyi hi Nino idu chukhrii khu kapi tibviio, 
Izho chiithuni hieh, 

Chlithu no chiikrodzu koko tu hi, 

Nino khuo chiiku pihio. 


Chiithu tho Niyi thole, 

Chiihra mozho hi ovo hi sowo bule. 
Chiikrodzu hi niyi thole, 

Suthisu ozhile, 

Khuwo chiiku pihio. 

Lathe kape 

Iyi 

Tibviio 
Koko tu 
Ozhile 


Ikhrumei yi (to us) 

Ti tibviio (like that) 

Hehi koko tu (till then) 
Onghi bei le (sleep comes) 


Mao la lathe kothu khru: 

Bamito (finger) - Oba zhti imi kocho vano bamito tivve 

Kososhu (chilly) - To hili sokowo duno kososhii tivve 

Kohu (spade) - Ojii hulo kazliti duno kohu tiwe 

Liboshu (passion fruit) - Li hili okhu bo ticho va tino liboshu tiwe 

Ruho (bird) - Omei no maki komo oru lei kobu duno ruho tiwe 

Thadzii (oil) - Otha vano odzii kapra duno thadzii tiwe 

Kabe (simple boil) - Mati, kososhu thomo bo kahi siino kabe tiwe 


K0PHR0 2 

OKHRO VA KHRU KARIMEI 


(Hriini hi modo kapimei kalie, pfo hino Class V larii modo mei yi Mao la modo 

piwe) 

Modokapio: Onato khrumei ti, arewo, kokru sho, chakriilo. Izho phro koru 

hi monoto (listen carefully) tto anolo, hihi chovo shu kocho 
oko koe. Hihi “Omei no okhro va khru kari oko na sue” 

Ona kario: Omei hino okhro va hi khrulo tewo, modo kapio? 

Ona kahei kochuna: Imei hino okhro va sti khru kolo kochuchu tiwo? Michael 
Collins, Edwin ye E. Aldrin hi hino okhro va khru (Astronauts) 
* karimei sue? 

Onato kosii kochuna: Ai choho kali ano hile, modokapio! Kohibviio ye adei koso 
chiino Astronauts mei siino okhro va sii khru tuloe? 

Modokapio: Astronauts kosii no Apollo 11 leino 1969 July (Sale) 16 ni 

chiithu no okhro va sii (landing on the moon) zhe khru tae. 
Pfotamei hru lei siino omei kahei no July (Sale) 20 ni hino 
okhro va sii khru tuloe. 

Ona kahei kochuna: Siili sii kosii kochu Astronauts na siiwo adei chii bue, modo 
kapio? 

Kodokapio: Oh, kosii kochuna sii ha? Michael Collins? Pfohi woli okhro 

va sii khru tu moe, opu kohe heno zhe sii hewo lei sue. 

Ona kosii kochuna: Modokapio, pfonghi sii okhro vano adei yi sowo bue? Opha 
chusa ko pfotamei lo hesii bue. 


Modokapio: 


Ona kario: 
Modokapio: 


Ona kario: 


Astronauts mei siino nghuda kahei (2) nghiphci shiiro chanio 
(37) pha hi okhro va sti pfo photo su pfoloe. Neil A. Armstrong 
yi hi okhro va su pfo photo sli pfoloe. Pfotamei no okhro va 
su hi television, camera kali mazha zhii, camera kahei, onghu 
(iron) no koso okhe (plate) kali ye American tamei sakra (Hag) 
kali shuhi thowo tatie. Pfota no okhro vano oni (mud) ye otsu 
(stones) tto pfo kroe. 

Hehi no choho kali ano hile. Ni siina ta sti nehomoe? 

Omeiwo siisii ne monghie, siisii Kennedy Space Centre he 
siino nele. 

Obu kohe (which place) hino Apollo 11 hi mazhe matae? 


Modokapio: ' Space Craft (Rache mazhe kokhru) na sii Kennedy Space 

Centre heno mazhe matae. Siisii okhro vano zhepra Pacific 
Ocean (Pacific ozhi kajii) lei kro loe. Kro kolo su okhro vano 
ojiiphe kro kotu hi nghuda 15 nghiphei 17 ye siilu 52 phahi 
lotie. Adei chiizho ko Astronauts mei hi okhro kapra vo soc 
hi! siibvii mowo, onato khrumei? 


Onatomei moso: Ovue modokapio. Pfokhrumei hi okhro kapra vo so kochu 

chue. 


Anokocho: 

1. Ojiiphemei hino okhro va hi khru ho monghie? 

2. Adei koso chiino ye kohibviio America tamei Astronauts mei no okhro va sii 
zhe khru loe? 

3. Astronauts tamei no okhro vono adei pfo kroe? 

4. Chiithu chiizho ko okhro vano ojiiphe kro kotu siilotie? 

5. Astronauts mei sii obu kohe hino zhe tae ye obu kohe hi kro teloe? 

6. Astronauts mei siino adeimei sakra okhro va sii pfovu shuhi thoe? 


K0PHR0 3 
OPFU TERESA 


Opfii Teresa hi Oramei yi olekashti neto kalie. Pfono Oramei yi olekashti 
duno koto kohomei, mazhi morona ye koso kono mei yi chiiku piwe. Opfu Teresa 
no mei yi zhomazhiwo ovo sokapi duno mopfu 1986 ko hi Bharat Ratna ticho tliibu 
hi neloe. Mopfu 1979 ko hi Noble zhii amani thibu kazhii sti pToyi pie. Opfii Teresa 
no mei yi olekashu zhoamazhi vo koso duno pfoyi no Opfu Teresa tto kolotie. Stisti 
kolimo pfoyi hino hrtiwo kobu amothu pei tto kolotie. Ovu kali rusomei no 
pfokhrumei oni kajii amani kalilei vupiwo tto Oplu Teresa yi kohie. Pfono asawo 
pfokhrumei he ochii kape sti hibvtie. 

“Olekashu vosti oleamani vostie. Ikhrumei no amani sti odzti pa veizti li 
mazhichti peleshe. Mazhiehti kape tho su olekashti sue. Olekashti tho sti ovo kazhti 
stie. Mazhichti kape vano olemothu lowe. Olemothu loli Oramei yi stilowe. Ikhrumei 
nuso (country) jti lei amani ivo (protect) pilo koru duno nikhrumei yi kodo lotie. 
Nikhrumei le mothu shulo. Nikhrumei ba stieh mothu shulo. Nikhrumei peno Oramei 
zhti amani olekashti pfo kalei mei mosolo tto aino nikhrumei yi duno mazhichti 
pewe.” 

Anokocho: 

1. Teresa ticho pei hi adei koso mei koe? 

2. Adei koso mopfu kono pfoyi amani thibu pie? 

3. Opfii Teresa tto ko kolo hi adei dunoe? 

4. Mazhichti kape tho sti adei koe? 

5. Adei koso vano kanako yi oleshti pra lowe? 

Chtipe azhi kali li so hio 

Mazhi morona, Amani thibu, Olekashti tho, Ovo pilo koru, kodo lotie. 



KOPHRO 4 
MAHATMA GANDHI 


Azhu hi Mahandas Karamchand Gandhi tie, ayi amono hi October 2, 1869 
ko noe. Anono fu hi Kathiawad (Gujarat) lei kobu Probandar lei noe. Ai apfo chiihe 
lei nono noka sue. Apfo zhu sti Kaba Gandhi tie ye apfu zhu sti Putlibai tie. Pfota hi 
achtichu vo thi kofumei koe. Apfo hi ole amothu ye chongho kosiimei kalie. Apfu 
hieh mothushu kocho neto kalie. Apfo hi Lipeo Khrishna duno ovo kosomei kalie. 
Pfohi kali khriieh odzii akhrii komo dzii ye mazhichii pe komo dzii avei chomoe. 

Ai hi apfu apfo yi duno chiichuwo lei beiwe. Ai hi achiichu hi pemosli kanimei 
kalie. Ophi oba thomo (non-violence) kalei hino oruna sue. Aino hi hino Shuhramei 
(British) yi mojue. Aino lariichii lei vu modo kari chii pra koto kali momu to tto 
leiwe. Mr. Giles, Inspector of School no atamei lariichii vu koleie. Pfono atamei 
class lei sii loe. 

Pfono atamei hesii ocha po pongo kolo ta hino mapeno moriie. Chiipe hru lei 
sii “Kettle” ticho na hieh kalie. Ai siina ocha po khru sti siichu lo motie. Siiduno aino 
ru mawo ru wotie. Akasamei ye modokapio siino ocha sii riimawotie ticho sii nclotie. 
Pfo stino akasamei slate tsu vano kolei lowo somoziilo tto choho amashii somane 
(made sign). Ana ai siisii soni motie. 

Aino mochoe, “Modokapio atamei yi hi kana ko heno koleio kobu ta hi 
moso chanimoe.” Ai hi ole amothu ona kalieh soe, ye mei zhu koleio kobu ta hi azhi 
komo ta kali soe (not my habit). Onamei kakrii no ocha korii sii woli machie ana 
azhii sii woli ma wotie. Ai hi mara tie (foolish) ana akasamei woli chakei shuwo 
(clever) butie. A class lei modokapio siino ayi kozii tie. 

Modokapio: Ni marae! Ni adei sowo aino kape achii ti pfolo motie. Nino ocha 
korii tirii mawo tie, ana omei kakrii no ocha korii suwoli machie. Ai 
hi Inspector nghodzii no ahre shu tie. 

Gandhi: (Opha koso ko shiipei mo bue) Somapju mawo (had done wrong) tili 

akama sii kokhei pio. Omei kakriimei heno pfo ai soni moe. Chiito 
Chiinope hile tili (to tell the truth), class lei modokapi meieh machi 
komo ta buwe. Ana subviio mateieh aino itsii amokhro ye liwo kalei 
sii izhode kotu leieh bu nghie. Ai hi mei kakrii kosii no sokama mocho 
chomoe. Subvii kocho sii azhi sue. 


Anokocho: 

1. Gandhi hi adci chtino monoe? 

2. Kaba Gandhi yc Putlibai hi athe koe? 

3. Putlibai hi Lipeo Khrishna yi mole teo leiwo? 

4. Athe no Gandhi School lei vue? 

5. Adei vano modo kapio siino Gandhi yi kozii tie? 

6. Gandhi zhi hi kohibvuo bue? 



Charangho inu - Chiitebu kaju -Ta amara bu 


>.■ i 





K0PHR0 5 

KALA LO KAZHU KOSO 
(CONTAGIOUS DISEASES) 


Denicho chu su rata ravu (plague, contiagious disease) tto omei moso hi 
nepriiwo abei kavawo lei beiwe. Ana izhodeni kosomei ta siiwoli opha chiilu thisu 
fuo krutie. Sowo nowo buch Oramei modo tie ticho na hi izhodeni woli pemo akhei 
tie. Izhode woli opro (medicines) otali no pfo somashiilo kosu ta butie. Deni woli 
inu inulei hi omei kathi hi pehelo hroe, omei hi thi zha thi zhawo bu beiwe. Ana 
izhodeni woli siina ta su hotie tto pelo sue. Kalalo kazhii koso motsii khru sii akhrupei 
pihi thoe. 

Moriiwo kale (Cholera): Moruwo kale hi shtihrala no pekowo “Bacteria” 
ticho khena vano pra tiwe. Bacteria ti mozho (too small) kolu duno nile nghi nelo 
chomoe. Ana onghi nelo kohro sii ikru na (instruments/tools) mono solowo kolei 
hili nelole. Hihi okhena kashii kalie. Hihi nghiphei kali leino oto koshulo beiwe. 
Sttduno moru*cho kose ye obo mozii kose pfo lowo ojii khru lei hi kope wole. 

Pfupro kapra (Small pox): Pfupro kapra hi orakashu kalie. Denicho chiiwo 
izhode pro tahi koho duno omei pajii thi tiwe, onghi kachi tahieh kade tiwe, nibi 
kopu tahieh kade tiwe, opra chi tiwe. Ana izhode woli shtihramei Mr. Jenner no otu 
vano pfiipro (Food and mouth disease) koso sii pfo lowo omei va repi hie, omei va 
sii zhii lotie. Ye izhode woli koso hi hotie tto pfolo zhiie. Hihieh chiikhri vano kala 
pfo ta tiwe (Air borne disease). 

Hihibviio pfupro kapra, morii kale, ozhi kachii (dysentry) akhe kocho, kophei, 
mokhro ra, ora amaki, atstiwo amaki hina ta hi ozhii, chiikhri, ovu opro, thomei, 
hina tava hino pra tiwe. Suduno'monolo ye izhodewo Mahristusii (scientist) mei no 
choholi su siilotie. Koso tahieh kadewo butie tili doctor mei yi vu kade lowo manehio. 

Ochii kola kape 

1. Bacteria hi adei koe? Okhre ozhi kohibviio bue? 

2. Nile yi duno bacteria hino adei sotiwe? 

3. Dr. Jenner hi adeimei koe? Pfono koso ovo kochu toko pehio? 

4. Kalalo kozhu ora sii adei deieh? 



KOPHRO 6 
KOTSUMEICHU 


Oratho, ochii madei opfoe, ojti mashii opfiie. 

Omei ko khowe, otoko khowe, otu morii ko khowe. 

Nolumei na ni itsti ko mocho hio. 

Itsii toe itsii shoe, chiina toe chiina shoe. 

Chashi chobo motsiisho, omei no mathi tile. 

Kasa opo okhra folo, ohrii hrii chovole. 

Omei chii lali mada sho, omei no odzii phi tile. 

Hrii pfo chuli mochulo, Oramei no oleshiile. 

Oto no opi pili tosho, oto makra tile. 

Ozhe no opi pili shosho, opfii mamei motile. 

Kotsumei ti ora thi shue, pfodzti kaphi sosho. 

Kotsiimei chii kozii meino zhiilo lesii, mocholo. 

Anokocho: 

1. Oramei y i kotho chii adei yi khori we? 

2. Ohrii chovo so hru koru duno adei yi solo moli shue? 


Pedu pe kru hio 

Ochii madei 

=Deep blue sky 

Itsu toe itsii shoe. 

Ojii mashii 

=Flat earth 

Hrii pfo chuli mochulo. 

Omei 

=People 

Ozhe opi pili sho. 

Oto 

=Food & drink 

Lathe pe pihio 

Otu morii 

=Domestic animals 


Mashii, itsuko, chasi chobo, Mathi tile, Lali mada sho, oto makra, mamei motile. 



K0PHR0 7 
PHINGHI 
(Step/path/time) 


Ta kotu idu chiilhu ti vu pu lemoe; 

Siidu chtithu hieh khu lemoshe. 

So koru ovo oso ozhii sii somochu leshe. 

Opha siino izho siidu ticho hi khu pi lemoe. 

Mono li mono ngho kathi kotu sii oni ozhu siie; 

Kodzu toko nii, koso ko krawo kadele. 

Nulo hrowo tatile, nghuda hi, nghiphei kochu hi; 

Ohrii sii akhei tile, odzii kokrii bviio. 

Kodzu ko hriiwo kobu lei hino ozhu khilo leshe; 

Mata leshe ozhu, ozhu mata leshe. 

Monongho hi kotho kra peleshe. 

Monongho hi kotho mu peleshe. 

Koleihio, phinghi nghi pfo tatie; 

Kosii kanemei kajU mei no lijii sii mane pfo. 

Ikhrumeieh pfole phinghi hi ftita leshe. 

Ivo iso izhi sii sopi leshe. 

Anokocho: 

1. Opha suno izho siidu ticho khupi lemoe ticho adei dunoe? 

2. Ohrii sii akhei tile, odzii kokrii tibviio ta tile ticho hi adei dunoe? 

3. Kodzu ko hriio kobu lei hino ozhu khilo leshe ticho adei vanoe? 

4. Kolei hino phinghi hi nghipfo tatie ticho adei pewe? 

Onamei no so koru: 

Nile kashii chashila kali nidzii kapa sii riihio. 


K0PHR0 8 

IKHI CHOROYEORO 


Denicho chii ikhi chorowo ticho mei kali hriie. Pfo hi opfii thi mozhu tie ye 
opfo sii omei kakrii kali mono lotie. Pfo pfu kono pei hi ole mothu moe. Ye pfona 
kochu komo mei yi mashii makhavvo lei beiwe. Ikhi Choro hieh siibvii kocho lei 
lotie. Pfo kasamei yi sawo ava nghoe ye kasamei ta sii ochu ota (chutney) ye levu 
(lunch) sii somazhu pfiiwo nghowe. Ana Ikhi Choro siiwoli emit siisiipfiiwo lei beiwe 
(feeling sad). Ikhi Choro su omei moso ngho dzii pfo koku lowo korii leino odzii 
kotho to lei beiwe (wash or clean in the river). Ikhi Choro sii omei nghodzu hino pfo 
choriiwo korii leino kotho lowo to beiwe. Kaniko sii mohru bu lei siino tho ochui 
mei he siino kamei ko heno kheto zhi (cowrice/necklace) kho lowo omii sii de loe. 
Kamei ko heno sapu kholowo kosho sii soloe ye kamei ko heno saba kho lowo imi 
(tail) soloe. Siito kolowo Ikhi Choro sii oro mazhii lowo zhe tatie. “Izho thi hino zho 
pongo ni buwo Choro ni ayi vu kadewo” tto pewo zhe tatie. 

Siithisii ophrumei sii khei pfo ochu pei vutie ye pra koto kosii omei he ye pfo 
pfli pfo hesii pe mosii pie ye ozho pongo ni buwo choro ni sii pfoyi vu kadewo tto 
kape sii pe mane. Ichowo pfotamei no chiithu sii khu khra hrowo butie. Chiithu 
pongo sii khuwo choro ni sii pfotamei sii ona sii achu lowo Ikhi Chorowo sii kade 
koru duno ngho tatie. Ruho sii omu no zhe khrue, ana Ikhi Choro siiwoli no khri 
tiwo zhe pfo khrue. Zhewo opi lei siino ahe pfo hue ye moshu, moshu no imi sii 
kopei kro pfotamei yi sii pi khri tie, siisii Charani, Kapeini, ye Opfo hi ta mei yi hi 
pie. Kono dzii sii opfii zhi mohowo lemoe tto obo chiikro pfonghi righi khru (down 
eye lid) lei sii kro obo siino chiivu pie ye siiva siino onghi sii chi tie pfosii thofu 
(courtyard) fii kaka sii talamo onghi sii chiwo (became blind) hrii tie ti mosii. 

Anokocho: 

1. Ikhi Choro hi adei koso mei koe? 

2. Ikhi Choro pfu konopei su ole mothu homoe? 

3. Ikhi Choro sii adei sowo mohru koru chii kotsiiwo mohruwe? 

4. Ikhi Choro siino khetozhi siino pfo adei soloe? 

5. Ikhi Choro no osa mono pfo adei soloe? 

6. Ikhi Choro no sapu mono adei soloe? 

7. Kohibviio Ikhi Choro sii oro mazhii tie? 

8. Kohibviio Ikhi Choro no thebu pie? 



KOPHRO 9 

CHOHO KOSUMEI KALI KO 


Denicho choho kosiimei kali hrii nghoe, pfohi Oramei yi tho mazhu shue 
(worshiped well). Siiduno pfo kokho sii Oramei no ano piwe. Pfono omei kho hie ye 
onamei pajii ko neloe. Pfono oto (riches) kho hie ye otho odzii pajii kopie. 

Siithisii pfono otu morii kho hieh otu morii siino propra chiidzii kaka su phro 
loe. Siitoko opha kodziiko ona khru yi akuo chovo so towo showo hriie. Opha kodziiko 
bulie otu mashi (foot & mouth disease of cattle) so vutie. Pfono otu kazhii khru sti 
azhu tto ho tho chiihe lei khi bu wotie ye otu kashti khru siino tina nizhii tto chudzii 
hopra pi wotie. Siitoko otu kazhii khru sii thi mosho pi wotie. 

Suthisii opha chiilu kodzii ko bulie omei mashi so vutie. Siivu sii pfona mei 
kazhii khru sii thi tata hotie. Omei Iona sii pfole mazhishu tie ye pfo ala pfoyi sii 
kakriiwo Oramei hi adei duno anamei kazhii khru yi hi sa lotie tto mocho tie, siichii 
sii Oramei no “Kari vu otu mashi koso vuti niro solotie, siiduno izho omei mashi 
koso vu hi aro sole” tto petie. 

Mocholo 

1. Omei itsii kosii hino Oramei nghodzii choho kaliko kokulo hroe. 

2. Omei hi choho sii mazhu pralo lie Oramei yi priimo tiwe. 

3. Omei no chovo so hrii ta tiwo Oramei yi mangeiwo tiwe. 

Ni adei yi sole - ni amocho sii line 20 kali riihio. 

Nidzii kapa ovo kali sole tto ni amocho sii riihio. 



KOPHRO 10 
CHRISTMAS 


Nilei khrumei hi Oramei na kokhri ti sue. Oramei no siisii solo pftilo tto kape 
kali bue. Ana omei siino pfono kape sii zubo tiwo (disobeyed) kobu vano odzii phiwo 
omei yi sii Eden thoprii lei slino homata wotie. Ana Oramei no omei yi sii mangeiomo 
mochowo bue. Kolu kapio sii movu koru duno kochu dawo bue. Ojiiphe mei moso 
siieh kolu kapio sii chiidu vule sa tto khuhro bue. Siiduno Oramei no kochu kada lei 
siino pfona pfoto pfolio sii masikro pie ye pfo hino ojiiphemei yi kolu pilo koru 
duno vue. Pfohi Bethlehem leino monoe. 

Pfohi ochii chiisi siko sei lei (mid-winter) chiino monoe. Pfoyi amono chiithu 
hi Chirstmas tto sawe. Ye December (Okro khro) 25 ninoe tto pfowe. Pfohi chiikhrii 
chiitsii no monoe. Siiduno nilei khrumei no Jisu amono tto chiikhrii no tho Jisu yi 
thowo ye ilowo church lei vuwe. Siiduno December (Okro khro) 24 ni hino Jisu 
amono duno kochu kada sii sowe ye December (Okro khro) 26 nihieh nilei no asawo 
buwe. 


Siithisii nilei no mopfu kothu (New year) ni siieh asawo oni maniwe. Hihieh 
chiithu sii tho church lei vuwo Oramei yi thowo leiwe. Siithisiieh January (Chiithuni) 
khro Sunday kari ni sii Epiphany Sunday tto siiwe. Hini hi Eastern Church (onghi 
kapra pei) leimei hi Christmas the so Epiphany (Mane kapi) ni tto oni maniwo so 
majii shuwo sowe. Onghi kapra peino movu kosii no Jisu yi vu kade cho sii momuwo 
oni maniwe. 

Anokocho: 

1. Jisu hi adei koso chiino monoe? 

2. Jisu hi adei duno vue? 

3. Chirstmas hi adei tiwe? 

4. Movu kosii sii kopei no vue? 

5. Epiphany ticho sii adei tie? 


KOPHRO 11 
ZHONGO LEI ON AIM El 


Zhongo kari ni onamei zho su mathae, 

Zhongo kahei ni onamei zho sil zhoamazhi no phro pfiie, 
Zhongo kosii ni onamei zho su amazhi amashu hue, 
Zhongo padei ni onamei zho sti doshuwo ta kopu hue, 
Zhongo pongo ni onamei zho sti pi kani olekashii bue, 
Zhongo choro ni onamei zho sii chtilei kashii zho koe. 

Ye Zhongo chani ni onamei zho sti mathae, 

Ye kosii kane zho koe, asa shue ye chovo shue. 

Lathe pehio 

Ni ala nile leino Zhongo ti kocho hi riihio? 

Zhongo lei hino adei koso phae? 

Onamei kali no adei yi mochowe? 

Ikhrumei no so koru: 

Picture leino kane saba mani na khru zhu hi kali li riihio 



Opfo ope saba mani na khru nelowo hi oleshiie 








KOPHRO 12 

KODO PEI KOBUMEI HR0 


(Larii modonamei no ano kahi modokapio no ochii kola sli piwo bue, larii modo 

chiilei noe) 

Neni: Modokapio, zhomazhio pe pihio, ojiiphe va onamei hi atamei yi hi 

bvii to tto bu sewo? Pfotamei su kohi kohibviio bue? 

Modokapio: Neni, chakriihio, ojiiphe hi omei ota tali bue. Kamei kosii zhii shu jii 
shuwo kobu inubvlijli lei buwe. Kamei kosii woli choho sumo kaliko 
nilei khrumei dzii na siikhri timo kobumei taeh buwe, kheto khevu 
kotueh bo tolo sii komo ye larii amodo tahieh siikhri ti komo ta buwe. 
Pfokhrumei yi hino “Kodo pei kobumei” tto kowe. 

Neni: Modokapio, kodo pei kobumei hi omei chiizhoko buwodo? Lopei 

kobumei su mazhi shuwo kobu khre bviio modokapio? 

Modokapio: Ovue, mocho mocho hie mazhiwo kobu bviio buwe, aino mocho 
kowoli imei ojuphe hi chovowo bu khri ti chomoe. Ano nono fii dzii 
• siino chovo kakrii bu hroe tto pelo zhiie. Pho phovu hieh nono fli dzii 
no achovo kakrii hoe. 

Neni: Modokapio atamei he pe modo pihio, adei dei jii leino kheto khevu 

botolo sii komo ta bue? 


Modokapio: 


Neni: 


Ariipei kobu Greenland jii lei sii siina tamei sii bue. Ojii sii ovumara 
(snow) kokhri ti pfo bei wotie, ye make mozho luwo kathi koho tahieh 
prakade tiwo tie. Lolei kabumei siino Eskimos mei tto siiwe osa mani ta 
hi delo kosii ta hi siisii woli woollen sa, samai sa ye okhesa hina ta hino 
bawo no beiwe. Pfokhrumei hi larii modo chomoe, lariichiieh hoe. Ovu 
mara sii de khe tho lowo ole leino lo okho tsu towe; siisiiwoli seal, timi 
hina tahi towe. Pfota jii lei sii ovu ye osi kojii no otu chongha hina ta hi 
ne chomoe, osii siibu hina ta hi hrii chomoe. Pfokhrumei ovu mara phe 
siino ovumara chii solowo buwe ye chii zhu sii “Egloo” tto siiwe. 

Ae shii! Pfokhrumei sii mazhishuwo buledo! 


Modokapio: 


Ovue, siibviio matieh pfokhrumei ko chovowo bue molo. 


Anokocho: 

1. Greenland jii hi kopei bue? 

2. Adeimei yi no Eskimo tto siiwe? 

3. Eskimo mei su adei tto showe? 

4. Eskimo mei sii adei, deino pfuwo tawe? 

5. “Egloo” ticho hi adei tiwe? 



KOPHRO 13 

SCIENCE NO OKHRO KAPRA VO KOSO 


(Ichowoli nghuda chiiro kahei ada tie. Periodpadei kochuna sii sotho tie. Modokapio 
Asosii Kapani tie ye pfono English modo pile tiwe. Ichowo pfo sii class lei lotie. 
Onamei sii marino lobu tie) 


Modokapio: Onamei khrumei ti aresho. Ichowoli ita class sotho tile. Icho hi, itamei 
chovo shu kocho oko kali phrole siisiioli “Sceince no okhro kapra vo 
koso” ticho oko nahi modole. Nitamei lariibvii okepra 45 ye kophro 
10 lei ti hrupralo ye koleilo. 

Ona kari na: Sir, science no itamei yi adei dei sopiwe? Ye okhro kapra vo koso sii 
adeie? 

Modokapio: Ovue, science hino okhro kapra vo leihi sopho tae. Ojiiphe hrii hiwo 
hrii kothu ada tie. Kochuchuno nile khrumei izhowoli science lei 
mopfu ticho lei butie. Denicho chii woli ophi no, ora tu phe korii no 
korii pheno tawo opha lo moso shu wo lei we, ana izhode woli car 
korii no, rail korii no, jahas (odzii kosa) no ye kazhe no molo bo tto 
opha lo moso mo vutu lo bei tie. Izhode woli England lei vule tieh 
chiithu kahei ko lo bei tie ye America lei kolei le tieh chiithu kahei ko 
ta bei tie. Hihi mocho hili adei chiizho ko okhro prae hi? 


Ona kahei na: Hihi kohibviio pralotie hi, modokapio? Ai ocho hoe. 

Modokapio: Ovue, siisii kochuchue, “Telephone” ye “Wireless” hi science lei 
motsii shu kocho kalie. Hihi no chiikhri leino oko mata kocho ye oko 
kovu ta hi ojiiphe hi kata chiipei kona matalo sue ye stina ta siino 
“Sending by wireless” tto siiwe. Stiduno science no koso hi nelowo 
okhro pra shue. 

Ona kosii na: Modokapio still sii athe no Telephone ye Wireless Radio hi pfopra 
pie? 

Modokapio: Mr. Alexender Graham hino Telephone hi pfopra pie. Mr. Marconi 
hino Wireless Radio hi pfopra pie. 


Ona padei na: Modokapio, ichoeh science ko ta hi pepu hio. 


Modokapio: Ichoeh science no nile khrumei ona motsii kali pipu hie siisiioli 
Television na hie. Nile khrumei no Television leino ochii kapemei, 
olo kosomei, odo kosomei, ota tali nele. Mocho mocho hie Television 
hi ojiiphe kaju hi kati tto kali bviio pfolo sue. 

Ona kari na: Oh, hihi okhro pratie, modokapio, athe no hihi pfopra pi sado? 

Modokapio: Hihi science vuzii koe. Science hino ohrii hi odo ota tali koda lowo 
sopie. Ichocho sopiwo odzii moku pi we, likha bo pi we, radio, 
television, wireless, calling bell ye sii pilei siina omi mava piwe, fan 
kozhii cho, ye pe kowo thopfli ta hi electric no sopi khri tiwe. Ano 
nitamei Kalkata lei vue amo nghie? 

Onatamei: Siili sii nitamei Kalkata “Birla planetarium” sii vune hili ole hi ota 

krii ngha tile. Siisii somazhii te hithoe. 

Siisii adei zhii koe? 

Siisii planet ta hino kohibviio tawo bue ticho zhii koe. Nile khrumei 
no susiilo ne hili kohibviio planet khru hino tawe ye chtinghi no 
kohibviio tawe ticho ta nehilc. Siisii electric mono kozhiiwo sowe. 
Ochii zii tei tto kobu taeh ye kava tach kachii ko vu kadele ye ovu, 
okhro hino ta hie alala bu khro ye ahe kowo bu khro siino nele. Hibviio 
kobu thopfii hi machine mono pfiiwo sokhri tiwo sue. Hihi science 
zhii vano prakhri ti sue. 

Onatamei: Ovue, Modokapio, science hi okhro pra shue. 

Modokapio: Alekashii ona khrumei, izhowoli he hino class sii chutile. 

Anokocho 

1. Athe no Telephone hi pfopra pie? 

2'. Athe no Wireless hi pfopra pie? 

3. Athe no Television hi pfopra pie? 

4. Athe no Radio hi pfopra pie? 

5. “Birla Planetorium” ticho hi adei chii bue? Hilei hino adei ye somane we? 

6. Planet ticho hi adei yi siiwe? 


Onatomei: 

% 

Modokapio: 


Adei duno ye adei vanoe - riihio 

Science hino Naga mei yi duno adei yi sopie? 

Ni science subject ye science stream modo ni homoe? 



Makhre inu lei - Khubu ridzti 



Makhre inu lei -Ta mara tsu 




KOPHRO 14 

MOPRO PFO KHAZHUO NO OKHE ENGHO KOZU 

Denicho okhro pfoki va sii engho kajii kali bue. Engho Iona suno mopro mei 
otu chongha ye okhro oshu yi makri mazhe lowo somazhi shutie. Kani ko Khazhuo 
suno pfozhii ingho sii ralowo ohrii thi mazhiishu loe. Engho no ne ahe kocho obo lei 
stikhi okhro bvii kali huloe. Okhro bvii pisii otsu tsupha kajii kahei no pfophra hulo 
tie. Mopro pfo Khazhu no okhro bvii leisii lo abei lowo pfo ingho pho sii otsu tsupha 
kahei koli stikhi kothi pra khi hi thoe. Kaniko sii engho suno apro to koru duno 
neprae ye Khazhu no soda hi kotho obo lei sii nghoe. 

Engho suno otsu tsupha phe vasii kotie pfo ingho suno kothipra ingho komo 
sii khrii phra loe ye opfolei hra kro kotu sii ata khri timo nekoe ana omo hesii krolie 
ashu ata pratie. Siitoko ingho suno ashu atawo oche ajii khru ye adu kro otsu tsupha 
pheva suno shubia titie ye ozhi siino okhro bvii lei sii kriilo phro lotie. Engho suno 
chiinghi lo koriio sa sii thilo motie stiduno Khazhu sii okhro bvii lei siino pralo shii 
tie. Othini sii Mopro mei siino Khazhu phesii fo khrue. 

Engho kajii sii thi wo nelotie ye Khazhu sii okhro bvii lei siino pfophra lotie. 
Siiduno engho sii hrapra hie oto chiisa (oranments, bangles) pajii ko nelotie. Siitoko 
hihi inamei to koe hihi inamei chiisa koe to pfota tie. Mopro pfo Khazhu hino engho 
kajii sii sothawo motili Mopro mei hi tsiitha maka to lowo ota hotile ti mosti. 


Ano kocho; 


1 . 

Mopro pfo Khazhu ko sii riihio? 

Emeo 

- Name of a person 

2. 

Engho kajii sii adei chii bue? 

Engho 

- Snake/spear 

3. 

Khazhu Mopromei yi duno adei sopie? 

Ilopei 

- Spinster/unmarried 

4. 

Engho sii hrapra hi lie adei yi noloe? 

Ikhruo 

- Bachelor/unmarried 

5. 

Okhro bvii pisii adei yi no nuloe? 




6. Otsu tsupha kajii kahei siino adei yi soloe? 

Chiipe azhi kali li sohio 

Okhro bvii, otsu .tsupha, oto chiisa, sotha motili. 


KOPHRO 15 
OJUPHE KO 


Nelei khrumei no kobu jii hino India tto siiwe. India hi Asia lei bue. Asia hi 

continent kalie. Hibvii kocho ta hi ojiiphe continent pongo bue siisii woli Asia, Africa, 

Europe, America ye Australia. 

Moshu sliuno continent ko hi kochuko kophro leshe. 

Asia: Thopfu dzii no kajii continent su Asia hie, hi lei kobu nuso 

(country) khru su India, Nepal, China, Mongolia, Japan, 
South Korea, North Korea, Kazakistan, Ubakistan,Turkistan, 
Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Bchrain, Saudi 
Arabia, Oman, Bengladesh, Sri Lanka, Mynmer, Philipine, 
Cambodia, Malaysia, Indonesia, Vietnam, hinoe. 

Europe: Ireland, Iceland, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Russia, Poland, 

Denmark, Germany, Austria, Belgium, France, Spain, 
, Portugal, Italy, Rumania, Greece, Hungary, Yugoslavia, 

Czecholavakia, Lavatia, Cyprus, Switzerland, Malta, U.K, 
Portugal, hinoe. 

Africa: Egypt, Sudan, Ethiopia, Somalia, Uganda, Zaire, Rwenda, 

African Republic, Chad, Nigar, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocoo, 
Sahara, Mauritania, Upper Volta, Senagal, Guinea, 
Sierraleon, Libra, Ivory Cost, Ghana, Tango, Nigeria, 
Cameron, Gabon, Angola, Zambia, Congo, Tanzania, 
Mozambique, Zimbabwe, South Africa, Namibia, 
Madagascar, hinoe. 

North South America: Canada, U.S A., Mexico, Guatemala, Salvador, Honduras, 

Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Cuba, Dominican Republic, 
Jamaica, Colombia, Venezuela, Georgetown, Paramaribo, 
Brazil, Peru, Ecuader, Bolivia, Paraguay, Chile, hinoe. 

Australia : Australia ojiiphe kobu inu motsii khru sii ariipei pe kowo 

khru hie. 

Anokoru 

1. Ojiiphe hi continent chiizho ko bue? 

2. Continent hru lei hi adei ko jiikhri tie? 

3. Australia hi nuso chiizho ko bue? 


KOPHRO 16 

MAHRAPFO HRUSHU NO OKHE KOZU 


Denicho Buzha mei sii neto ilonamei kali no okhe yi okhro (okhe chii movu) 
pi chosii okhe khro pi koru mei sii mono ngho achari no chiikhrii chahra kra ti 
chosii. Siitoko okhe dzukhe lei odzii siino akhrii kowo thino kra mo bei tiwe. Netopei 
sii jiiwo nghi siipra kotu thi no okhe yi sii piwe. Okhe khro kapi ni Buzha mei ye 
okhe ngho dzii siino olo somane, de mane ye odo ota li somane chu teli kaprii ye 
odzii kaphi somo asapfo okhe thifti ta ti chosii. 

Kaniko Mahrapfo Hriishu no Buzha mei chii azhii vue Buzha mei pfii neto 
mamei kazhii kali no osa dewo kobu nelowo pfodzii pa shutie ye lopei yi mono le tto 
petie. 


Buzha mei siino neto lopei tiwo okhe khropi koru pei kosiie ni pfoyi mono 
loshiie tto petie. Siisii cholo telie Mahrapfo Hriishu no okhe sii sothavvowo pfono 
monolo vuzii le tto mocho lotie. Siitoko okhe no vu koru okhro, chiilu sii soteso ano 
lowo ochii khei tatie. 

Mahrapfo Hriishu no ochii no vu pfozhii ingho kahei ralowo ohrii thi mazhii 
shulo tie. Ye siisii pfopra pi fii kothi hie kothi pha tiloe ye chiinghii kothi hie kothi 
pha tiloe. Siithisii pfokhro siieh ra mazhii shulotie. 

Siitoko okhro sii chiikhei shi pfii loe ye ingho kahei sii pfolowo Buzha mei 
chii vu okhe sii khuwo butie. Kani ko pfono Buzha mei akuo kolei choe ye okhe 
siino chiibu no khru kowo mozhu nelotie. Ojtipfoki akhru nava khru kowo chiisii 
kosa khru luko mozhune. 

Pfoki kahei nava khru kowo chiisii osi silo luko mozhu netie ye pfoki kosii 
va khru kowo chiisii otu phodu luko mozhu nelotie. Mahrapfo Hriishu no tho pfokhro 
sii chiikhei shiloe ye ingho kahei sii ba tsii pfo lowo Buzha mei koro lei sii lotatie. 
Buzha mei sii omei kaliko koro likhru ngholo priitie. 


Mahrapfo Hrtishu no koro li khru siino okhe phi koru ocho soda lotie. Okhe 
stino pfohe kanghi koko chtisu otu phodu kaju luko netie. SiisU nelowo pfole maphrti 
tie ye phi leto chtikho bo tto khru hie oju khru lei to khrii phti ti lotie. Mahrapfo 
Hrushu hibviio solo bei choe tto pfo' ingho siino okhe sti phie. Ye okhe sti wao! tto 
oshuso ara tie ye Mahrapfo Hrushu sti makei pfo oshu sotie. Buzha mei su siina 
Mahrapfo Hrushu sti oshu soe ye okhe se oshuso choe, pfo nghi the kono zhiilo le sa 
tto kakruwo butie. Mahrapfo Hrushu no okhe sti sothawo tio pfo khro siino osti 
chomaka dzii lowo okhe su tsti kola hithowo tatie. 

Buzha mei stino “ino obi nghie” tto okhro ingho ye oso zhi bvti pfo taloe ana 
okhe ala kocho nelowo prtiwo chu khei pratic. Mahrapfo Hrushu yi no Buzha mei 
hrti somaka pile tiwe tto petie. Mahrapfo Hrushu no “she, athi ftilo” tto ko salo ophi 
no okhe sti ti khre bti tihi lie Buzha mei sue ei Mahrapfo Hrushu zhti tie, mala motie 
tto pe tie. Siitoko Mahrapfo Hrushu no netopei su mono sata tie. 

% 

Anokocho: 

1. Buzha mei no adei yi no okhe khro piwe? 

2. Okhe khro pi koru mei sii kohi bviio stilowe? 

3. Mahrapfo Hrushu no vu pfo inu leino adei yi soloe? 

4. Okhe yi ne achari sii chtilu koe? 

5. Okhe no Hrushu he kanghi koko chtisu chtilu kotie? 

6. Buzha mei no adei duno Mahrapfo Hrtishu yi are tie? 


K0PHR017 

MOPFU LEI ONI AMANI 


Oshuli thopfli hi ala la ta kowo chuna ye ta kovvo zhi thi trio Mao (Shiipfomei) 
ti kowo tamei hieh mopfu lei hi oni amani ta hi chtithu chiilu thisii fuo tnoshu moshu 
no buko tuwe. Mopfu le lei okhro kari na sii Chiithuni khro tto sawe ye mopfu le lei 
oni kari na su Chiithuni tto siiwe. Akhrupei hi pihi kotho oni khru sii hihie. 

I. Chuthuni: 

Oni na hi Chuthuni khro khrokha 25 nino mani thole ye oni zho choro ni 
mani chule. 

(a) Nisha: Hini hino oni su mani thoe, ana hini hi woli osiide osii pfiile, ano ota 
woli mata chiinoe. Chiikropei sii solo kostimei su lire khewo tole. 

(b) Nijii: Oni motsii nasii nijii na hie. Hini hi oso dawo chovo sowo bule. Ota 
tdmo asowo bu koru hi oni zho choro koko tue. Chiikropei lijii kava zhe 
khrolowo pfovu obu kali heno pfotomei thopfli vu sho azhule ye lire-eh 
khro lowo pfovu tole. 

(c) Oshu kope: Oshu kope hi oni zho kosii nino manile. Hini hino movumei ye 
oshu pei vu kotu ochuimei yi sii ko savuo kope mata pile. Odu siieh sopi 
koru bu teli sopiwo matale. Siithisii inu kamei ko ruho koho hi odzii pa tewo 
buwe. Siisiino lomei inu mei sii chiithu no tholowo moso yi makei sawo 
ngho ruho sii howo oba no tsiile ye chapei sii movu pfo inu lei vu tule. Hihi 
chovo shu kocho kalie. 

(d) Siithisii oni zho padei ye pongo nisii ochii no buwo krekro pfo oni sii maniwo 
bu beile. 

(e) Oni zho choro nisii kapeni sii kopfii chiithue. Inu kameiko yi duno li motsii 
shu kocho chiithue. Mari no ngho kapeni su sii dewole ye kapeni ni siino 
pfiile. Chiithu no ngho lowo pfotomei siino ozhe zhe kavale ye netomci no 
de kavale. 

Siithisii rali sowo movu pfo ochiipei sii vu tale ye chiidzii sii vu kro lotie tili 
nelomei no de kavale ye pfotomei no ruho howo atu asii manele. Chapei su alala chiihe 
vulo lotie tili opri okhe khi lowo pfovu moso bu leino chovo shuwo towo shole. 


II. Chiijiini: 


Oni nahi Pfozii khro (June) 27 hi no maniwe, ye oni hi manilo tili kape tata 
tile ticho su mosuwe. Oramei yi thowo shiila kapi sii sopiwe. 

HI. Saleni: 

Sale khro (July) khrokha 28 no mani pfo Rolei khro khrokha kosii kokotu 
manile. Sale khro 24 nihi pfoki kapra ni su mani le. Chaka lei woli oni zho churo 
nino sowe. 

(a) Macha kozii: 

Sale khro (July) 28 nino macha ziile. Macha kozii siino onato yi sa lowo 
shunamei na mopfu 4/5 pfoto na kolowo savu chiikro kotu mapeno vei pile. 
ChiikrodzU pei su dziikhe leino pi khudzii pfolowo pfovu ona to yi sti kotsiimei kali 
no shiihra lowo kopfo mole, chtichebo ye chiikhobo hi ta hi odzU pfoko vu pi khudzii 
siino dei khrfti pile ye shuhra tho pile. 

(b) Nijii: 

• Hini hi oso datha le ye chovo shuwo oni manile. Ana raliwoli chiithuni chii 
bviiwo soba lemoe. Ole bviiwo ozhe pfo sho beile. 

(c) Oshukope: 

Chiithuni chii koso siibviio sale ni nihieh ochuimei yi su mangeio mo oso 
sonii pile. 

(d) Ale kari: 

Pfotomei hi ale koru mei su so krii lowo tuzii heno osii no pithe pfovu shu 
lowo ye odzii sii lowo choho boto le, netomei yi peno lo azhu lemoe. 

(e) Ale kono: 

Hinihieh ale kari siibviio likha sii bokrii tole. Chiikro dzii sii ona pfotomei 
thopfii yi pi khudzii pfovu lowo kopfu mole, chiichebo ye chiikhobo thopfti sii odzii 
siino se piwo mothu sopile. 



Onu khro (October) 28 ni no oni hi manile. Hihi ochi ichu tati koru duno 
kochu dawo kobu na siie. Hini hino sokoru pfii koru sli oro hi mi telo komo lei 
Oramei shiihra khowo kochu kada zhli siie. 

Anokocho: 

1. Mopfu lelei hi motsii oni chiizho ko bue? 

2. Oni mani kari nasli adei tiwe? 

3. Oni kahei nasti adei tiwe? 

4. Oni kosii kochu nasli adei tiwe? 

5. Oni padei kochu nasli adei tiwe? 

6. Oni pongo kochu nasli adei tiwe? 

7. Pfoki kapra oni hi chiiduno maniwe? 

8. Kohibviio pfoki kapra nihi maniwe? 

9. Adei khrono chlijiini maniwe? 

10. Macha kozii nisli adei donu maniwe? 

Ni Class V amodo kasamei yi kolowo - 

1. Pfotomei no obe kade, pisli kade drawing zhi leshe. 

2. Netomei no osa kade, osli kopfu drawing kali zhi leshe. 


KOPHRO 18 
NUSO ZHUONIAMANI 


(Republic day, Independence day, Gandhiji birthday Childrens day, etc) 

India tamei hi mopfu kopro ko Shtihramei (British) khru lei buwo hriie. Mopfu 
1947, August khro khrokha chiiro pongo ni hino Shiihramei no kokhawo kobu sii 
the piwotie. Ana modo solo koru duno chiituwo kobu lei hi omei kopro koso loe ana 
ozhu pe hile tili pe hehroe. Motsii kali kahei pe hile. Gandhi, Nehru hi mei hie. 

Independence day: Ala modo sokolo chuthu. India tamei hi 15th August Rolei 
khro ni hino British tamei khrulei kobu sii ala modo koso sii nelotie. India lei achari 
riku koso Prime Minister sii Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru hinoe. Pfohi 15th August Rolei 
ni hino pra Prime Minister hi soloe. India tamei no sokari sowo ye kono noka sowo 
Governor General koso sii Raja Gopalchari hie. 

Republic day: India tamei no Republic sokolo siino mopfu 1950 January Chiithuni 
khrokha 26th ni hinoe. Hilei hino India lei hi President kodo loe. Ye Rajendra Prasad 
yi hi kodo riloe, pfo hi Bihar lei mei koe. 

Gandhiji birthday: October (Mazhalupfu) khro khrokha kahei ni hino Porbandhar 
ticho Gujarat lei kobu inu leino monoe. Gandhi hi “Father of the Nation” tto siie. 
Siiduno pfoyi amono chuthu hino “National Cleanliness Day” tto riiwe. Mopfu lei 
chuthu chiilu khiwo riiwo somothu kocho chuthu tiwe. 

14th November: Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru hi 14th November (Belu) khro no monoe. 
Pfoyi amono chuthu hino “Children’s Day” tto khiwo riiwe. Hini chuthu ni hino 
onamei opfii ophe kazhiimei yi kodowo thibu piwe. 

Anokocho: 

1. India tamei Independence day sii chiiduwe? 

2. India tamei Republic day sii chiiduwe? 

3. India tamei Cleanliness day sii chiiduwe? 

Children’s day sii chiiduwe? 


4. 


KOPHRO 19 

CHOKHONI NO KOJUMEI 
(Khongdei people) CHU KOVU 

Chokhoni pfu opfo hi ona nari pfoto mozhuwo hriie, ana pfoto ne motiwo 
netomei kali neloe. Ona zhu su Chokhoni tie. Pfohi kolo sosii pratie, adeimei chii khi 
le tto mochowo bue. Oshu Kojumei sueh ano prawe ye oshu Ememei stieh anowe. 
Ana netopei hesti anohie oshu Kojumei chii odzii sii phie ye odzii su ziie, siiduno 
pfosii vule moe tto petie. Oshu Eme pfona chiisu pfo dzii pae ye vae pfosii vu niwe tto 
petie. Ana pfoyi hi oshu Kojumei chii su movuwo le tto opfu opfo sli lilowo butie. 

Siithisii Chokhoni sii ozhi ngho kei tho (woke) omu sli pemane. “Pitho kovu 
kono zhe vu apishu totsti leino choro pfo tatie, shiilu soma” (olei kovo kono zhevu 
apishu totsu leino choro pfo tatie ti tino shiilu soma). “Ana na ni mu shii tisho, chaka 
zho jii sowo onghi chu koshu khroe”, tto opfu siino petie. Siithisueh ozhi ngho kei 
tho omusii pehie, oshu kojii pfo kahei siino ingho monii sii pfolo amolii totsii leino 
hrii wotie, shiilu soma”. Ochii kola sii opfu opfo no pe, “Anana ni mu sii shiie ti shiie 
chaka ni na nari pfoto hrii kolo khroe.” Ye ochii kola sii pe, “Apfo chii ziile, apfli chii 
ziile, shiidu sii anghi zhe khi tho, shudeni tho akosii aromei phowo, thini tho ayi salo 
tto mape hida.” 

Opha chiilu sii kotie, opro ovo kaliko kope pi nimo Chokhoni koli ala Kpjiimei 
chiisu lo tatie. Oso oru kaprii fiihe lei sii taloe. Siihe siino pfo muko no kane siibviiwo 
oshu Kojii pfo kahei siino ingho monii sii pfo pfo nghodzii siino ala lotie ye pfohe 
siino choho anotie. Ano kocho sii Chokhoni no moshu shu no pepie ye okhei dzii sii 
pfozhu sueh pepie. Suthisii Oshu Kojii pfo kahei siino Chokhoni pi su va lotie. 
Okhei dzii sii Chokhoni no pe, “Aprowo pfoli khrii bvii kohriiwo ochii zhoniwo oru 
zhoniwo tto kaleimei, izhowo, Chokhoni mokhu sii pholo motie sa? 

Ano kocho: 

1. Adei sowo Shiipfomei hino ona pfoto kane ko odzii pae? 

2. Adei sowo opro wo zhoniwo sii Chokhoni yi kope motie? 

3. Chokhoni no adei mu pfomue? 

Okhei dzii sii Chokhoni no adei chii pe? 


4. 


KOPHRO 20 

ORACHUPEMEI LO SU ANO ZHUSHUE 


Orachiipemei lo sii ano zhii shue; 

Bethlehem thopfu kobvii pfo, 

Chiikhrii mothu ozhi nghomo ashu pfo, 

Orachii sii sokohru pie. 

Amothu kava no phro mate loe, 

Ole asa sopi wotie; 

Ojii kotho kate kozii thopfu su- 
Kava siino vapi lotie. 

Kolulo kokhulo sii sopfo butie, 

ft 

Amothuwo sii vulo butie; 

Bethlehem lei kobu onato lo sii, 

Pfokhrumei no sopfo butie. 

Oramei lekashii ye amani- 
Juphemei hesu pfovu pie, 

Kama kashii kothe dzii zhii koru- 
Lo sii pfokhrumei no sowe. 

Anokocho: 

1. Bethlehem sii adei chii bue? 

2. Kohibviio orachii sii kohru pie? 

3. Pfokhrumei sii adei koso mei? 

4. Pfokhrumei suno adei pfovu pie? 

Lathe pehio: 

kobvii, ashupfo, kohru, matepfo, sopfo, kama kashii. 


KOPHRO 21 
MANIPUR 


Nileimei no kobu state zhu hi Manipur tiwe, India leino onghi kaprapei do lei bue. 
Manipur ariipei sti Nagaland no bue, onghi kolopei sii Assam no bue, akhrupei su 
Mizoram no bue, onghi kaprapei sii Burma no bue. 

Manipur hi India leino ojti kati toko tiwo matieh ozhu tashu kocho state kalie. Motsu 
sii kokru cho pei hina ozhu tashuo bue. Manipur lei movubu su Imphal tie. Manipur 
hi ota kata motsiie. 

Manipur lei hi District choku (9) bue. Lona ta zhu sii akhrupei hi pekowo tahie: 
Imphal West, Imphal East, Bishenpur, Thoubal, Churachandpur, Chandel, Ukhrul, 
Senapati ye Tamenglong. 

Manipur state lei movubu zhu sii Imphal tie, District lei hodzti movubu -su akhrupei 
hi pe hithoe. 

Imphal West - Imphal 

Imphal East - Purompat 

Bishenpur - Bishenpur 

Thoubal - thoubal 

Churanchanpur - Churachanpur 

Chandal - Chandel 

Ukhrul - Ukhrul 

Senapati - Senapati 

Tamenglong - Temenglong 

Manipur lei thopfu hi kolei hie ojiipfoki no hepfo bu siie. Ojiipfoki hino ozhi 92% 
phahi ko butie ye ojuikhro no ozhi 8% phahi ko bu siie. Manipur leimei omei phro, 
18,37149 (census 91) phahi bue ye pfotomei no 9,38,559 ye netomei no 8,98,790 
phahi bue. 


District meiphro-1991 

DISTRICT 

POPULATION 

AREA 

Senapati 

2,08,406 

3209 sq. km 

Tamenglong 

86,278 

4391 sq.km 

Churachandpur 

1,76,184 

4570 sq.km 

Chandel 

71,012 

3375 sq.km 

Thoubal 

2,93,958 

507 sq.km 

Bishnupur 

1,80,773 

530 sq.km 

Imphal 

7,11,261 

1201 sq.k m 

Ukhrul 

1,09,275 

4544 sq.km 

Total 

18,37,149 

22,3275 sq.km 


Anokocho: 

1. Nileimei no kobu state zhu sii adei tiwe? 

2. Ariipei onghi kolopei, akhrupei ye onghi kaprapei sii adei jtino bue? 

3. Motsii so ozhu tashuo kobo sii adei vano tawe? 

4. Manipur lei hi District chiizho kobue? 

5. Manipur lei hodzii movu bu khru zhu adie tie? 

6. Manipur lei 1991 kozii meiphro sii chiizho koe? 

Class V amodo na khrumei general knowledge anowe: 

Manipur state chiiduno Statehood nelewo? 

Manipur state lei Loktak lake sii adei chii bue? 

Shiroi lily pa sii adei chiino pawe? 

Manipur state lei National Highway No. kahei zhu pehio. 

Manipur state lei hi jat chiizho ko bue? 

Manipur state hi adei yi kazhii sii soe? 


































KOPHRO 22 

OJUPHE ORU KAHEI NA (WORLD WAR II) 

Ojiiphe oru kahei nahi Japan rusomei no onghi kapra pono hopfo Manipur 
jii lei Pihumei (Nghaphriimei) zho leino Mao mei jii vuloe. Hihi mopfu 1944 ko 
khranii khro khrokha 10 ye 11 (March 30, 31st) chiithu pha chii hino momu khri 
timo ho vutie. Mari chiino Japan ta sii onghi kaprapo oru hovue sii tto kakriiwe ana 
lochiichu mo bu sue. Mao mei jii lei holo kari chuthu ni sii Charangho mei inu heno 
Japan rusomei ye Shiihramei rusomei (Allied force) kade lowo khubu da koshue ye 
sii hesii lopo hipo rusomei thi tie. 

Siithisii Shiihramei adzii kolo rusomei no chiithi pfo Kohima (Khibolei) lei 
krotie. Japan rusomei hi lova kajii lei tamo ta kotho luno oru hovue. Japan tamei hi 
oso mari nghoe, ova so zhiie, osa to kru lu moe. Japan rusomei no pfo kalei khubu, 
oli, okhe ye osa mani khru hi mathae ye zhii khri tie. Pfokhrumei no oru ho kovu sii 
ophi no'tawo hovu siie. Korii (horse) nopu sawo oru hovue. Lijii kodo pono ta kovu 
duno korii khru sii ohru zhii lu moe. 

Japan rusomei hi koto kosho okha pfii vu komo duno omei heno khro to 
khroshowo oru hovue. Pfokhrumei na pfii kola kapi korii (vehicle) koho duno omei 
peno sazha mosowo ona pfii kola piwe. Japan rusomei no chiithu kahei kosii lei 
kono Kohima lei hokro lotie, ana sudzii siino ho motu talo hrotie. Kohima lei hino 
okhro kahei krii ko sote so koziie. 

Shiihramei rusomei no kobu orubu sii zhii tie, koto kosho okha butie, kazhe no 
rusomei pfii vu kodu pi lotie. Oruna ye koto kosho pfovu pi lotie. Ana Japan rusomei 
woli siito ko solo hrotie. Rusomei hi ojiiphi leino kozii kocho kolimo orachii vana 
kazhe (plane) no pfiiwo koshue. Japan rusomei hi othivu lilo hrotie ye mazhi zhotie. 
Shiihramei rusomei no Zubza leino khubu kajii no dapra Kohima lei Japan rusomei bu 
sii shutie, siitoko Japan rusomei hi Kohima lei hi bulo shiitie ye chiithi pfo Mao mei 
jiiha lei kovu hi Pfozii khro khrokha 25, 26 pha chii hino khru tic. 

Shiihramei rusomei no Kohima lei tobu kolo thisii kotho Jakhama 
(Mokhumei) lei hokhru lotie. Kohima ye Jakhama leino khubu kajii dakhru 
Khuzhama (Zhokrumei) ye Mao mei jiilei shu lotie. Siitoko Mao lei ho pralowo 
Maram lei dakro shutie. 


Japan rusomei no Mao mei juha lei jtiwo kobu hi okhro kahei ye chuthu 
churo pongo pha ko buwo khci tatie. Hibvuo okhro kahei kru ko oru ko/ii kocho hi 
Shuhramei rusomei kazhe no Japan rusomei kobu bu khru dashu shutie ye Kahremei 
(Kalinamei) inu hi dei mashti shu wotie. Hibvuo chuthu kodzu toko Japan tano Mao 
juha (Mao area) lei kobu hino Japan ta ru mopfu tto momuwo lei vu ziitie. 

Anokocho: 

1. Japan rusomei no kopono ye adei khro no Mao mei ju ha lei oru ho vuloe? 

2. Shuhramei ye Japan rusomei no adei chu no khubu da koshu lotie ye rusomei 
ko thi homoe? 

3. Japan tamei sii okhre ozhi kohi bvuo bue? 

4. Japan rusomei no Shuhramei rusomei yi solo hro khei ta koto adei yi dunoe. 



Tobufti mei inu - Otsu chovo 







Chapter 23 
Chiidachu 


1. Ovo no toprii lei lolowo obo pho moho so 
(Ochii pehi thowo opho obi sUmo kotu) 

2. Oho no pisii tela ngho chobu kolo so 
(Ochu pemawo ala chade kolo) 

3. Korii koka no chokhei pamarii kocho so 
(Ovo kazhii solosiie to mariio buwe ka kotu) 

4. Volu no odzii jiingho komo dzti no ahra ta kocho so 
(Ovo atachii kali sole ti hili odzii no riwo choru ta kotu) 

5. Vobeto no opfo chti kathe so 

(Mazhi morona no kani mei chii the kolo) 

6. Chozlina mazhi no kajii so 

(Kani mei na pfoto pfoli sowo buwo choho mosomo, opfti opfo thi tili 
choho solo sumo mazhi ne kotu) 

7. Shikei no kohu (spade) kali so 
(Deikhro tipi hie, sochi ti kapi) 

8. Khubu kada siino ochu kosii so 

(Khubu kada khu koko siino ochii kosii mari kocho) 

9. Ochii siino oni nilo omi tiko 
(Chuni koso siino omi mari kocho) 

10. Kra kralo ovu mara tiku 

Osa mani kakra she mothu mazhii kocho) 

11. Tei tei lo kholo tiko 

(Ova so siino tei mashii lotio kolo (crow) mari kocho) 

12. Chu pfotho chiikhri amohrii so 

(Ta kazhii siino chiikhri no nghiipfo kata mari kocho) 

Kasamei heno (26-28) khru hi lathe ano leshe: 



13. 

14. 

15. 

16. 

17. 

18. 

19. 

20 . 

21 . 

22 . 

23. 

24. 

25. 


Ta kohro siino pikei nghi katha so 
(Ta lohro shu shuso ta kocho) 

Oho no ozha bvii (dirty water pot) lei lo kocho so 
(Momu khri timo vu kashii kade kolo) 

Omu su kei pfotho no kakei (parrot) tiko 

(Ochii machi mozii sumo kochu maso shiipei kocho) 

Are relo kohrii (bulbul bird) tiko 

(Omu oshuso shiipeio kobu siino mei pci mei la kali ko chokomo) 

Mani lo dziikrii amani tiko * 

(Ora koro kaliko howo mani makriiwo kobu) 

Dapfotho chaka lei omi da koshu so 

(Onamei yi da mani lomo da pfotho are shiijii pu kolo) 

Ki kilt) vete ki amaki tiko 

(Lishiiwo ohrii kaki siino ohei ore makhri khro pfiiwo kobu) 

Ochii kape sii osi krii pfii na mari tie 

(Machi mozii sumo kochu maso mei mii khuwo ochii pe kocho) 

Te telo listi loki tiko 

(Omei hrii kate siino te te pfotho phrokha ti pfo kobu) 

Ochii koso siino koso shii tiko 
(Ochii kape siino mei le kade chii kape) 

Osa so so pfotho no latho tiko 
(Oku howo osa siino latho mari kocho) 

Omei kata siino odzii kokrii so 

(Omei no ta khro ta khru lowo oko lei tomo kobu) 

Kralo chii achiirii tiko 

(Kathi mei kali yi duno oleshiio kra kowo siino nghidzii ngho ngha krowo 
kobu)